Personality & Development


7K0A0438

Personality

Each of us have own interaction style with the physical and social environment that is deeply fixed, consistent, distinctive and characteristic patterns. This style is influencer of circumstances and time, as personality is shown via-a-via behaviour, thoughts and feelings. In other words personality is like fingerprints. That makes each one of us unique! Does it mean that we don’t have similarities?
Development of Personality 
It’s true that each individual is different but some of us may also share certain similar personality. These similar personalities can be termed as Behavioral genetics, that combines psychology and genetic characteristics. These are often passed on from parent to child. What factors leads to development and formation of a person’s personality? Some psychologists say that they are genetic factors (some call this factor ‘Nature’) and environmental factors (also referred as ‘Nurture’). Some psychologists believe that these two factors are needed for a normal person’s personality development. These two factors keep competing to affect personality development. This argument can be justified in case of twin-study. There are two kinds of twins – monozygotic (identical twins) and dizygotic twins (fraternal twins). The difference between these twins is that both share same home environment but have different genetic makeup in the later. It is found by researchers that genetics difference can account for 40 to 50 percent of difference in personality traits and about 30 percent of difference in personality traits for environmental influences.
Often misleading general information is that genes are related to our personality traits. However, its has to do with our hormones and brain structure that influence our behaviour. As hormones and brain structure job is to control the development of our nervous and endocrine systems, which in turn controls our behaviour.
Childhood experience of a person (developing stage) can affect one’s personality a lot. The experience constitutes with family members, who are expected to meet the basic need of a developing child and siblings. There are two other important factors that contribute to environmental factors – culture and society. We can observe that members of different tribes leaving in the same place have shown that some tribe lives in peace, friendly and cooperative environment while the other group is hostile, assertive and competitive. There are two distinctive cultures – individualistic and collectivists cultures. Several studies have shown that western cultures have more of individualistic culture that has given more preference to internal locus of control or self-monitoring. The individualistic culture (that has locus of control or self-monitoring) teach to be independent, to feel good about themselves and see themselves as special individuals. On the other hand the collectivists cultures focuses more on the basic bonds between people and their connection. They are mainly dependent on family and friends.
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